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Last Updated on 2 months by Web3 Studio

The World Wide Web has evolved through different stages since its inception in 1989. Each stage represents a shift in how the web is used, designed, and developed. In this article, we will explore the concept of Web 3.0, the latest iteration of the web, from what is web3 development and what is web3 technology to other important considerations.

We will also compare Web 3.0 with its predecessors, Web 1.0 and Web 2.0, and highlight their main features, differences, and impacts.

But before anything, note that Fracas web3 agency has planned and executed several web3 projects, from ideation to development and marketing. So…


With no further ado, let’s get started:

What is Web3?

You may ask, what is Web3? The term web3 was coined by Gavin Wood, one of the co-founders of Ethereum, a blockchain platform that supports smart contracts and decentralized applications (dApps).

Wood defined Web3 as “a decentralized web where users are in control of their own data, identity, and destiny.” Web3 is also sometimes referred to as Web 3.0, the third generation of the web, or the decentralized web.

Elliot Leach, Art Director at Fracas Digital also opined that:

The main thing about this generation of the internet is the idea of decentralization. This simply means that there is no single authority or intermediary that controls or governs the web

Now that you have an idea of Web3 meaning, let’s cover Web3 technology:

What is Web 3.0 Technology?

Web 3.0 technology is a collection of tools, protocols, and frameworks that allow for web3 application development.

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The first is artificial intelligence (AI). AI enables Web 3.0 applications to process and understand large amounts of data, provide personalized and context-aware services, and automate complex processes.

Secondly, the semantic web. This is a vision of the web, where data and content are structured and annotated with metadata. This provides meaning and relationships to the data. The semantic web enables Web 3.0 applications to perform complex tasks by understanding the content and context of web data. 

The final important technology to note is blockchain, which we will cover later on. A web3 development agency and Web 3.0 marketing service like Fracas understands how to combine these tools to create a stellar solution for you. 

What is Web 2.0?

Web 2.0 is the second generation of the World Wide Web, which emerged in the early 2000s and continues today. Web 2.0 is characterized by the shift from static web pages to dynamic and user-generated content and the growth of social media, online communities, and web applications. 

Web 2.0 is also known as the participatory or social web, as it enables users to create, share, and interact with content and other users online. Some of the key features and impacts of Web 2.0 are:

  • User-generated content
  • Social media and networking
  • Web applications like email and e-commerce
  • Cloud computing

It’s essentially the version of the web we’re used to today. 

The Difference Between Web 1.0, Web 2.0, and Web 3.0

Web 1.0, Web 2.0, and Web 3.0 represent different stages of the evolution of the World Wide Web. Let’s take you through these stages, highlighting the significance and differences between each:

Web 1.0

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Quentin Desmet, Community Manager at Fracas Digital has an interesting analogy for Web 1:

Imagine the internet as a vast library filled with static pages. You can browse and read information, but you can't interact or contribute

This was Web 1.0, where websites were one-way streets, delivering content without allowing much user engagement. Think basic HTML pages, online directories, and early search engines.

Web 2.0

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Web 2.0 transformed the internet into a bustling marketplace of ideas. Web 2.0 made the internet a two-way street, with users actively participating and shaping the online experience.

Web 3.0

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Web 3, still in its early stages, envisions a more democratic and user-controlled internet built on blockchain technology, as described earlier. 


FeatureWeb 1.0Web 2.0Web 3.0
User RolePassive ConsumerActive ParticipantOwner
Data ControlCentralizedShared PlatformsDecentralized
Content CreationLimitedUser-GeneratedDiverse and dynamic
TechnologyStatic PagesSocial media, user-generated contentBlockchain, AI, Semantic Web

The table above better summarizes Web 2 vs Web 3 vs Web 1

Key Features of Web 3.0

Web3 has several key characteristics that distinguish it from other web versions. 

To begin with, users enjoy a form of sovereignty. Essentially, you gain full control and ownership over your data, identity, and assets. That means you can decide what data you want to share, (for example, on a web3 job board), with whom, and for what purpose.

Sovereignty aside, you also enjoy a high level of openness and transparency. Since Web3 is based on open-source software and protocols, anyone can access, use, modify, and contribute to it. This way, there’s a level of transparency and auditability for data and transactions. 

The final important characteristic of Web3 is that it establishes a more inclusive and participatory web. Here, users can contribute to the development and governance of Web3 applications and platforms and be rewarded for their efforts and contributions.

Layers of Web 3.0

Web 3.0 can be understood as a stack of layers that work together to enable the features and functionalities of the new Web3 types.

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You can consult with a web3 development firm to better understand them. But for now, these layers are:

  • Technology Layer: This layer consists of the core technologies that power Web 3.0, such as blockchain, artificial intelligence, semantic web, and the Internet of Things. These technologies provide the infrastructure, protocols, and tools for building and running Web 3.0 applications and networks.
  • Application Layer: This layer consists of the Web 3.0 applications that use the technology layer to provide various online services and functionalities for users. These applications can range from decentralized social media to content platforms, marketplaces, gaming, finance, and more.
  • Interaction Layer: This layer consists of the user interfaces and experiences that enable users to interact with Web 3.0 applications and networks. This layer can include web browsers, wallets, extensions, plugins, and other tools that facilitate user access and participation in Web 3.0.

How does Web 3.0 Work?

Web 3.0 works by combining the decentralization of Web 1.0 with the interactiveness of Web 2.0 in a user-friendly interface. 

Ideally, it gives individual users more control over their online experience and increased security through blockchain technology (the decentralized transaction ledger that stores data in blocks that all users can see). 

Web 3.0 also works by using artificial intelligence and the semantic web to process and understand large amounts of data and provide personalized and context-aware services for users. 

This internet generation also enables integration among different technologies. As a result, you can easily access and exchange data across various platforms on the web. 

How Will Web 3.0 Change Our Lives?

Web 3.0 has the potential to change our lives in many ways. This is thanks to the technologies underpinning it, such as AI, blockchain, and others mentioned earlier.  Here are some of the notable ways:

A More Customized Browsing Process

With Web3 and the right web3 development services company, expect a more customized browsing process. You can now access and control your own data, preferences, and identity online. You’ll also get to choose the Web 3.0 applications and networks that best suit your needs and interests. For instance, you could browse a decentralized content platform that tailors the content to your interests and rewards you for your engagement. 

Improved Search

Using artificial intelligence and semantic web, Web3 can understand the meaning and context of web data. As a result, it will improve web search capabilities by providing more accurate and compressive results. For example, you could ask a Web 3.0 search engine a complex question and get a detailed and relevant answer, rather than a list of links to web pages.

More Advanced App Interfaces

You can interact with Web3 applications and networks using various devices and modalities. For example, smartphones, tablets, laptops, wearables, VR/AR headsets, and more. This promises you a more advanced, immersive, and engaging web experience, ranging from gaming and entertainment to education and more. 

Key Applications of Web 3.0

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Web3 makes several innovative, transparent, fair, and inclusive applications possibleSome of the possible domains where Web3 can have a positive impact are:

  • Decentralized Finance (DeFi): This is perhaps the most important application of Web 3. It allows users to access financial services such as lending, borrowing, trading, and investing without intermediaries and centralized controls. DeFi applications promise lower fees, higher returns, and more accessibility than traditional finance. Examples of popular DeFi and web3 crypto platforms are Compound, Aave, MarkerDAO, etc. 
  • Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs): Web3 allows users to create, own, and trade unique digital assets that represent anything from art, music, and NFT games to real estate, identity, and reputation. NFTs can provide verifiable provenance, scarcity, ownership of digital goods, and new forms of creativity and expression. Popular NFT platforms are Blur, CryptoPunk, LuckyPunx, and OpenSea.  

Metaverse: Thanks to Web3, users can also explore, create, and socialize in immersive virtual worlds that are interconnected and interoperable. The metaverse can offer new opportunities for entertainment, education, and collaboration, as well as new forms of governance and economy. Examples of popular metaverse platforms are Otherside Metaverse, Sandbox and Axie Infinity. It’s up to you to partner with a web3 company to achieve the best result.


Advantages and Disadvantages of Web 3.0

While Web 3.0 offers significant advantages, it also comes with its own unique challenges. Let’s take a closer look:


  • Empowers users by giving them more control and ownership over their online data, identity, and assets. 
  • It enables trustless and permissionless transactions and interactions where users do not need to trust or rely on any specific party. 
  • Uses semantic web and artificial intelligence technologies to provide more meaningful and intelligent web experiences for users. 
  • Enables more interconnections and integrations between diverse technologies, platforms, and devices so that data and services can flow seamlessly across the web. 


  • Web 3.0 poses privacy concerns as it involves the use of public and transparent networks where users’ data and transactions are visible to anyone.
  • This technology also involves the use of complex and evolving technologies. So, users may face difficulties in understanding and using these technologies. 

What is an NFT?

An NFT is a unit of data that is stored on a blockchain and has a unique identifier and metadata. An NFT can be associated with a digital file, such as an image, a sound, or a video, that is hosted on a platform or a decentralized storage system. 

The NFT serves as a certificate of ownership and authenticity for the digital file and can be transferred, sold, or traded on various marketplaces and platforms. An NFT can also have other attributes, such as a name, a description, a creator, a date, and a price.

This answers your question of what is NFT in crypto

What is NFT Development?

Put simply, NFT development is the process of bringing your unique digital asset to life as a non-fungible token on the blockchain. 

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The answer to what is NFT development involves several steps, which we will cover in the subsequent section:

How is an NFT Created?

Blockchain NFT development involves more than just uploading a cool image. It’s a process with several key steps:

  1. Concept and Design: The journey begins with your brilliant idea and NFT design. What story will your NFT tell? What visual identity will capture its essence?
  2. Technical Setup: Choosing the right blockchain platform (Ethereum, Solana, etc.) and setting up smart contracts—the code that governs your NFT’s functionality—is crucial.
  3. Minting the Masterpiece: This process of web3 NFT development transforms your digital asset into a unique NFT on the blockchain, ensuring its authenticity and scarcity.
  4. Marketing and Launch: Time to Spread the Word! Building a compelling story, engaging a community, and choosing the right NFT marketplace is key to reaching collectors.

Here’s where partnering with NFT development services like Fracas can be a game-changer. Our expertise in design, blockchain technology, NFT marketing, and community building can elevate your NFT from a lone spark to a blazing bonfire.

What is an example of an NFT?

LuckyPunx is a successful 7,777 NFT collection project, combining vibrant character art and Asian folklore. This project also explains why partnering with an agency to launch and market your NFT project is extremely important.

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They partnered with our NFT devs and marketing gurus to provide end-to-end marketing, community management, PR, and other services. And the result? They were able to sell out the entire collection during the bear market. You can read more in this case study for more information.

So, while creating an NFT is technically possible solo, partnering with the right crypto marketing agency and NFT development companies can turn your idea into a thriving digital asset. 

Non-fungible tokens and the FinTech Industry

Non-fungible tokens have a significant impact on the financial technology (FinTech) industry, as they enable new ways of creating, managing, and exchanging value.

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First is digital identification. Fintech businesses benefit by using NFT to represent and verify the identity and credentials of individuals and entities, such as KYC (know your customer) information, educational certificates, and professional licenses.

Secondly, NFTs can be used to digitize and fractionalize real-world assets. These include real estate, art, commodities, and intellectual property. Ultimately, making them more accessible, liquid, and transparent.

Finally, NFTs can help create and participate in various Decentralized Finance (DeFi) applications. These include lending, borrowing, trading, insurance, etc.  

What is Blockchain Development?

Blockchain development is the process of designing, building, and maintaining applications and systems that run on blockchain technology. Blockchain technology is a type of distributed ledger that records transactions and data in a secure, transparent, and immutable way.

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Blockchain application development also enables peer-to-peer transactions and consensus without the need for intermediaries or central authorities.

What is Blockchain?

Blockchain technology is a type of distributed ledger that records transactions and data in a secure, transparent, and immutable way. A distributed ledger is a database that is shared and synchronized among multiple nodes, or participants, in a network. A blockchain consists of a series of blocks that are linked together by cryptographic hashes. 

Each block contains a timestamp, a nonce, and a set of transactions or data. Each transaction or data is verified and validated by the nodes in the network according to a predefined set of rules or protocols. Once a block is added to the blockchain, it cannot be changed or deleted, creating a permanent and tamper-proof record.

How does Blockchain work?

We’ve answered your question about what is blockchain in crypto. Now, let’s crack open web3 blockchains, how does block chain work, and see what makes them tick: 

  1. Data Blocks: Think of each piece of information, like an NFT purchase or a financial transaction, as a block. These blocks contain data and a unique code called a “hash” that links them together.
  2. Chain of Trust: Each new block is chained to the one before it, creating a chronological record. Changing any block would require altering all the following ones, making it practically impossible to tamper with the data.
  3. Decentralization: The magic lies in the fact that this ledger isn’t owned by any single entity. Instead, copies are distributed across the network of computers, making it incredibly secure and resistant to manipulation.

History of Blockchain: Not Just for Bitcoin

While Bitcoin might be the poster child of blockchain technology, its story begins earlier, weaving its way through decades of cryptography and distributed computing revolutions. Let’s rewind and dig into the rich history of blockchain:

1982: Cryptographer David Chaum proposes a “blind signature” protocol, one of the early building blocks for secure decentralized transactions. Think of it as laying the foundation for anonymous digital interactions.

1991: Stuart Haber and W. Scott Stornetta introduce a timestamping system using a “chain of blocks,” providing a way to securely record and verify timestamps for digital documents.

2000: Stefan Konst proposes “Secure Log Files Based on Cryptographically Concatenated Entries,” further refining the idea of a chained ledger system. He envisions using it for tamper-proof record-keeping in various sectors, like healthcare and voting.

2008: Enter Satoshi Nakamoto, a mysterious entity, publishes the Bitcoin white paper. This document outlines the design and implementation of a decentralized digital currency built on a blockchain, forever changing the financial landscape. Bitcoin becomes the first successful application of blockchain technology. 

2013–2017: Blockchain kept developing and Ethereum emerged as a second-generation blockchain. This came with smart contract capabilities, allowing developers to build decentralized applications on top of it. Thus, opening up avenues for blockchain in gaming, supply chain management, and beyond.

2018-present: The blockchain space continues to evolve rapidly. New protocols are developed, addressing concerns about scalability and energy consumption. We see a rise in DeFi (decentralized finance) applications, NFTs (non-fungible tokens), and Web 3.0 projects, all leveraging the power of blockchain to empower users and reshape the digital landscape.

The story of blockchain is far from over. It's a journey of innovation, collaboration, and continuous reimagining of how we interact with data and value

Blockchain Use Cases

Here are three powerful blockchain use cases transforming industries:

Decentralized Finance (DeFi)

DeFi leverages blockchain to create a peer-to-peer financial system, allowing borrowing, lending, and trading directly between users without banks or intermediaries. This opens doors for faster, cheaper, and more accessible financial services, especially for those traditionally excluded from traditional systems.

Supply Chain Management

Blockchain’s transparency and data immutability makes it perfect for tracking goods through every stage of the supply chain. This increases efficiency, reduces fraud, and guarantees product authenticity, from farm to fork and beyond. Imagine knowing your avocados are truly fair trade or that your medication traveled through a verified cold chain.

Identity Management

Ever been frustrated by password resets and data breaches? Blockchain offers a solution. By storing your identity information securely on a decentralized network, you can control who has access and streamline online interactions. This can revolutionize areas like voting, healthcare records management, and even loyalty programs.

Blockchain Development Challenges

Some of the main challenges that blockchain developers face are:


Decentralization, the heart of blockchain, ensures no single entity has control, but it also comes with limitations. Reaching consensus on transactions (like everyone agreeing on the next block in the chain) can be slow and energy-intensive, especially with a large user base.

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Think of a crowded elevator suddenly filled with millions of people. That’s how existing blockchain networks might feel when faced with surging user adoption. Processing a high volume of transactions without compromising security or decentralization is a significant hurdle. 


The decentralized nature of blockchain opens doors, but it also creates security vulnerabilities. Malicious actors might try to exploit loopholes or manipulate the network. 

The Future of the Internet

Thanks to Web3, the internet is set to witness a significant transformation. Firstly, expect a more personalized and decentralized online experience. Platforms will adapt to individual preferences, tailoring content and services based on your unique data and interests. Gone are the days of one-size-fits-all websites.

Power will also shift from centralized tech giants to user-owned networks. Blockchain technology will enable secure and transparent digital ownership, allowing individuals to control their data and assets online.